AL Leg Black Caucus v. AL
Full name: Alabama Legislative Black Caucus et al. v. Alabama et al.
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What is this case about?
This court ruled that Alabama legislators illegally used race as a criteria in determining voting districts in 2012.
AL deliberately tried to reduce black influence
Some of Alabama's voting districts created after the 2010 census had an exceptionally high percentage of black voters.
The 1965 Voting Rights Act calls for districts with a high enough concentration of black voters in order to ensure representation they would choose. However, giving those districts too high of a concentration provides no additional representation, while diluting their influence in other districts.
This type of racial gerrymandering has been ruled to violate the Constitution's Equal Protection Clause.
For more information
For more details about this case, read the Oyez discussion.