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Endangered Species Act

Bill Number: S-1983

Public Law Number: 93-205

Enacted - Signed by the President

Once the president signs a bill, it becomes a law.

Full title...
An act to provide for the conservation of endangered and threatened species of fish. wildlife, and plants. and for other purposes.

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Bill Text
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Ways to refer to this law

This law often is referred to as the ESA - the acronym for Endangered Species Act.

What this law does

This law protects species of animals and plants that are in danger of becoming extinct.

It requires the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) to maintain the Endangered Species List.

It also requires conservation of the ecosystems on which these species depend.

Amendments and related bills

1966 Endangered Species Preservation Act
Called for the creation of the Endangered Species List.

1969 Endangered Species Preservation Act Amendment
Prohibited the importing and selling of animals facing extinction.

1978 Endangered Species Act Amendments
Created the Endangered Species Committee - composed of seven cabinet-level members - that had the authority to allow for a species to become extinct.

It also allowed economic impact to be considered in whether to specify an area a critical habitat.

1982 Endangered Species Act Amendments
Removed the ability to allow for economic impacts to be considered.

It states that a determination must be based "solely on the basis of the best scientific and commercial data available."

1988 Endangered Species Act Extension
Required federal agencies to notify the public of species recovery plans, and to provide the opportunity for public comment on the plans.

It also funded the ESA through 1992. Since 1992 the ESA has been funded by annual appropriations by Congress.

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