Civil Rights Act of 1964
Public Law Number: 88-352
Enacted - Signed by the President
Once the president signs a bill, it becomes a law.
An act to enforce the constitutional right to vote, to confer jurisdiction upon the district courts of the United States to provide injunctive relief against discrimination in public accommodations, to authorize the Attorney General to institute suits to protect constitutional rights in public facilities and public education, to extend the Commission on Civil Rights, to prevent discrimination in federally assisted programs, to establish a Commission on Equal Employment Opportunity, and for other purposes
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What the Civil Rights Act does
This bill prohibits many forms of discrimination based on a person's...
Major components of the bill
Parts of the Civil Rights Act often are directly referred to by their "Titles"...
Title 1 - Voting
Requires that voter registration requirements are the same for everyone. Title 1 provided a framework for equal access to voting, but did not ensure it, since discriminatory tactics such as poll taxes and literacy tests were not prohibited - as long as they were equally administered. For more on this refer to the 1965 Voting Rights Act.
Title 2 - Places of public accomodation
Prohibits discrimination in businesses such as hotels, restaurants, and theaters. Clubs considered "private" are exempt.
Title 3 - Public facilities
Prohibits state and municipal governments from discriminating access to public facilities.
Title 4 - Public education
Title 5 - Commission on Civil Rights
Title 7 - Equal Employment Opportunity
Prohibits a company from refusing to hire someone based on their race, color, religion, sex, or national origin. It also prohibits restricting opportunities for advancement based on those criteria.
Created the Community Relations Service (CRS).