Fair Labor Standards Act
Public Law Number: 75-718
Enacted - Signed by the President
Once the president signs a bill, it becomes a law.
To provide for the establishment of fair labor standards in employments in and affecting interstate commerce, and for other purposes.
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This law gave workers (and children) new protections from exploitation
Not everyone was covered by the protections
The law excluded certain employees from the minimum wage and overtime exemptions.
The minimum wage is set lower for food servers who receive tips as part of their job. However, if the employee doesn't receive enough tips to reach the hourly minimum wage, the employer is legally required to make up the difference.
Workers receiving a high enough salary (determined by the Wage and Hour Division) are exempt from the overtime pay requirement. The reasoning is that these employees already earn a higher wage and may receive other benefits such as better opportunities for advancement.
How the FLSA evolved to the present
|1940||The threshold for overtime was lowered to 40 hours per week|
|1963||The Equal Pay Act prohibited differences based on gender|
For a fascinating look at development of the FLSA - that includes issues still at the center of labor policy today, see this Department of Labor report.
Click here to read a Congressional Research Service overview of the FLSA.