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Brown v. Board of Education

1954 Supreme Court ruling that public schools segregated by race are unconstitutional.

Griswold v. Connecticut


King v. Burwell

2015 Supreme Court case to decide whether the intent of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) was to provide subsidies only to people in states that provide their own health insurance exchange.

Click here to read our discussion of this case.

Marbury v. Madison

1803 Supreme Court decision that established the principle that a court may void an act of Congress it deems unconstitutional.

NY Times v. Sullivan


Plessy v. Ferguson

1896 Supreme Court ruling that racial segregation did not necessarily constitute unlawful discrimination.

The ruling allowed states to enforce laws that provided separate accommodations for blacks and whites. This included education, public transportation, and recreational facilities.

Roe v. Wade

1973 Supreme Court ruling that a woman's right to have an abortion is protected under the constitutional right to privacy.

The named parties in the case were:

o "Jane Roe", a Texas woman whose real name was Norma McCorvey. McCorvey had sought to end her unwanted pregnancy in Texas - where abortion was illegal except in cases where the woman's life was in danger. By the time of the Supreme Court's decision, McCorvey already had given birth to the child (who she gave up for adoption).

o Henry Wade, the district attorney of Dallas County in Texas. Wade had been the prosecutor in the case of Jack Ruby, who killed Lee Harvey Oswald after Oswald was arrested for killing President John F. Kennedy.

The ruling segmented pregnancies into trimesters...

o In the first trimester, abortion was solely up to the woman.

o In the second trimester, the federal and state governments could regulate abortion - but could not ban it.

o In the final trimester, a state could prohibit abortion in cases where the fetus could survive on its own, unless the woman's life was in danger.

Referenced by...
Ginsburg replacement could overturn decades of progress (2020-Sep-26)

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