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Greenland ice sheet


Arctic ice


Mississippi Delta flooding


Climate Change & Baseball


Climate Report


Record flooding


Microplastics in water


Alpine Ski Resorts


2016 hottest year ever


Arctic Heat Wave


Coastal Flooding


2015 hottest year ever


Crop shortage


Greenland Glacier


Drought affects half of U.S.


Resource: Drought Monitor



Environment: Effects

Whether due to the climate or other factors, damage to our environment can effect our lifestyle, our health, and our wallets.

In this section we document some of the effects of this damage.

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Coastal communities worldwide could flood by 2030

2021-Sep-13  (Updated: 2021-Sep-24)By: Barry Shatzman

It rained on the world's largest island last month, but this isn't a weather report. It's a climate report.

It was the first time in recorded history that rain had fallen on the highest point of the Greenland Ice Sheet. It was only the third time in the past decade that temperatures in the region climbed above freezing.

Greenland has lost more ice in the past ten years than it had in the previous hundred.

At this rate, tens of thousands of people around the world - including most of the U.S. East Coast - could face flooding and displacement by 2030.

Rising sea level not the only problem

The water melting from glaciers is fresh water - as opposed to the ocean's salt water. Enough fresh water could effectively bury the heavier salt water - altering wind patterns that determine weather, according to a 2019 report by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).

And wind travels from warm areas to cold. As polar regions warm to become closer in temperature to equatorial regions, atmospheric circulation is weakened.

Increased shipping and tourism

A few beneficiaries of Arctic ice loss have been the shipping and tourism industries. However, this increased activity could cause even further problems for marine ecosystems as well as coastal communities.

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Arctic summer ice will be gone in just decades

2020-Oct-13By: Barry Shatzman

In July 2020, Canada lost its last fully-intact ice shelf.

Arctic ice is disappearing faster than expected. By any scenario, summer sea ice will be completely gone within the next few decades, according to the National Snow & Ice Data Center (NSIDC).

Along with the loss of many species that live in the Arctic, there will be effects such as buckling roads, sinking houses, and more fires.

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Mississippi Delta under water for six months

2019-Aug-06By: Barry Shatzman

Flood waters that have kept almost 1,000 square miles of Mississippi under water are starting to recede. The area has been under water since February.

The Yazoo-Mississippi Delta has always been subject to flooding due to a combination of factors, but global warming has aggravated the flood-causing factors.

This is the longest the mostly agricultural area has been under water.

Flood mitigation efforts raise questions of priorties

The federal government has worked to prevent flooding in the delta since 1947. But one element of that effort - pumps that push floodwater into the Mississippi River - were not built. In 2008, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)) said the pumps should never be built because they could destroy wetlands critical to migratory birds.

The Trump administration is reconsidering the pumps.

They may provide little overall value, however, mostly benefiting large agricultural companies. And moving the water could cause other areas to flood.

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How climate change could affect baseball

2019-Jul-23By: (External links)

Could Climate Change Affect the Future of Baseball?

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Climate report shows impacts on daily life

2018-Nov-23  (Updated: 2018-Dec-07)By: Barry Shatzman

On Nov. 21, President Trump noted a cold week and pondered what happened to Global Warming. Two days later, he got his answer in the 1,600-page National Climate Assessment (NCA).

The report - issued every four years by the U.S. Global Change Research Program (USGCRP) - was compiled by 300 scientific experts, 13 federal agencies, and the National Academy of Sciences (NAS).

The last 120 years have been the warmest in the history of modern civilization

Heat waves have increased over the past 50 years, while there have been fewer cold waves. This chart shows temperature anomalies for the 10 hottest years up the past year:


It is "extremely likely" that human activities are the dominant cause, the report states.

"There is no convincing alternative explanation supported by the extent of the observational evidence," it states.

Global warming makes the east wetter

We can expect to see worsened storms and heavy rains, leading to flooding. Combined with melting glaciers, the earth's sea level has risen more than 7 inches since 1900 - with 3 of those inches in just the past 25 years.

"A rise of as much as 8 feet by 2100 cannot be ruled out," the report states.

Global warming makes the west drier

High altitudes have seen reduced snowpacks melting earlier in the spring, contributing to water shortages and more severe fires. Continually warming temperatures would make future years even more dire.

"Chronic, long-duration hydrological drought is increasingly possible before the end of this century," the report states.

Effects being felt in every corner of the country (and in the middle)

Storms such as 2018's Hurricane Florence caused the Air Force and Navy to evacuate dozens of planes and ships, as well as hundreds of personnel from Virginia's Hampton Roads region.

In Alaska, melting Arctic ice is causing buildings and roads to crumble, while shorelines are eroding.

In the midwest, increased temperatures are projected to lead to declines in crops and livestock - affecting consumers as well as producers.

Everyone is affected differently - but they're affected

Fires affect more than those who lose their homes or are forced to evacuate, as smoky air spreads over many miles.

L: Smoky air in Portland, Oregon, about 35 miles from the 2017 Eagle Creek Fire. R: A black car provides the contrast to visualize ash in the air. (Photos by Barry Shatzman)

Air pollution, floods, water quality, and allergic and infectious diseases such as from mosquitos and ticks affect both mental and physical health. And they don't affect everyone the same. Children, older adults, low-income communities, and some communities of color have less capacity to prepare and recover, and therefore face greater risks.

Polluted air kills 7 million people each year and costs society more than $5 trillion, according to the World Health Organization.

"The true cost of climate change is felt in our hospitals and in our lungs," the organization says.

Improvements will be slow even if made fast

There had been some improvement. Between 2005 and 2016, the United States reduced carbon dioxide emissions by almost 15 percent - in part due to the Obama administration's Clean Power Plan (CPP).

The Clean Power Plan is one of more than 70 environmental policies that the Trump administration has been working to eliminate.

Emissions returned to an all-time high in 2018. Though much of that comes from China and India, U.S. policies play a significant role.

But greenhouse gases remain in the atmosphere for several decades. So even if emissions were to stop completely, negative effects such as increased temperatures will continue to get worse for at least another 25 years.

Trump said he read some of the report, but did not indicate that it would influence any of his administration's policies.

"I don't believe it," he said.

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Coastal cities experienced record flooding in 2017

2018-Jun-06  (Updated: 2018-Jun-27)By: Barry Shatzman

U.S. coastal cities are flooding more than ever before due to rising seas, according to a new National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) report.

Cities on both coasts, as well as the Gulf Coast, set records for days with high-tide floods in 2017. They include...

o Boston, MA (22 days)
o Atlantic City, NJ (22 days)
o Bay Waveland, MS (14 days)
o Galveston, TX (18 days)
o Fort Myers, FL (6 days)
o San Diego, CA (13 days)

Overall, 27 out of the 98 cities examined tied or exceeded their individual records for flooding during high tides. The U.S. average flooding frequency has increased 50 percent over the past 20 years.

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Drink water? You're probably drinking plastic, too.

2017-Sep-08By: Barry Shatzman

Any time you drink water out of the tap, odds are you're also drinking plastic.

A study by Orb Media and researchers at the Minnesota School of Public Health tested tap water from more than a dozen cities throughout the world, and found microplastic fibers in more than 8 out of every 10 samples.

The highest contamination rate was found in the United States - where 94 percent of the samples tested contained microplastics. This included tap water at New York's Trump Tower and the Washington, D.C. headquarters of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

Microplastic fibers also were found in bottled water.

U.S. tap water averaged almost 5 fibers in each half-liter sample tested. In Europe - where 72 percent of the samples tested contained microplastic fibers - there were just under 2 fibers in each sample.

The direct affect on humans still is not determined. However, microplastics have been shown to adsorb toxins in water. And they have been shown to release these toxins into animals that ingest them.

One source of microplastic pollution in water - microbeads in personal cleansing products - was banned by the Obama administration.

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Ski resorts in Alps could lose 70 percent of snow by 2100

2017-Feb-17By: Barry Shatzman

As Global Warming causes rain to replace snow in Alps, the ski resorts in the European mountain range could lose 70 percent of their snow by the end of the century.

Even in a best-case scenario - if temperature rise is limited to 2 degrees Celcius as specified in the 2015 Paris Climate Change Agreement, Alpine resorts would lose about a third of their snow.

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2016 was hottest year on record

2017-Jan-18By: Barry Shatzman

2016 was the hottest year on record - for the third consecutive year. Of the 17 hottest years on record, 16 have been since 2000.

The trend of rising temperatures has caused everything from flooding to droughts. The cost to U.S. residents is in the billions of dollars.

Although the primary cause of warming has been greenhouse gases from manmade emissions, temperatures the past two years have been further boosted by a weather pattern know as El Niņo. That pattern has ended, and scientists expect 2017 to be cooler than the previous two years.

Minus that effect, however, climate scientists still expect the atmosphere to continue warming.

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North Pole 20 degrees warmer than average Christmas Eve

2016-Dec-24By: Barry Shatzman

The good news... there's still snow for Santa at the North Pole. The bad news... those days might be numbered.

Temperatures there might be 20 degrees higher than average this year, climate scientists report. They link the "heat wave" to climate change caused by human activity.

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Coastal flooding will cost taxpayers billions

2016-Sep-04  (Updated: 2016-Sep-08)By: Barry Shatzman

With sea levels rising, coastal flooding has been discussed as a likely future effect of global warming. For some U.S. cities, the future is now as floods can be caused by the simple combination of a high tide and a strong wind.

The flooding in eastern states from Virginia to Florida is more than inconvenient. It costs tens of billions of public dollars to mitigate problems the flooding is causing.

A flood even just a foot deep can disrupt traffic, damage houses, and poison water wells.

The problems are going to get worse soon, according to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). East coast residents are likely to experience more flooding - even on sunny days. The sea also is likely to rise off west-coast states as water stops being pushed toward Asia by changing climate patterns.

The issue also affects national defense - especially naval bases. In January, the Department of Defense (DoD) issued a directive on adapting its operations "to address the impacts of climate change in order to maintain an effective and efficient U.S. military".

However, in the most recent Defense Appropriations bill, an amendment by Rep. Ken Buck would prohibit the DoD from using funds to implement the environmental directive.

Buck's amendment passed (click here to see how your representative voted). The full bill passed the House on June 16. It is not expected to pass in the Senate, however. A replacement appropriations bill may or may not contain a similar provision.

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2015 was hottest year on record

2016-Jan-20By: Barry Shatzman

2015 was the hottest year ever measured, according to reports issued by the National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). The average global temperature exceeded the previous hottest year - 2014 - by more than a quarter of a degree.

Scientists began recording temperatures in 1850.

A warmer climate can lead to larger storms as warm air can absorb more water than cooler air. But it also can lead to droughts that can threaten the Earth's food supply.

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Crop shortage will affect food prices, fuel production

2012-Aug-10By: Barry Shatzman

Expect food prices to rise in the long term due to lower crop yields - the effect of the country's worst drought in 50 years.

A reduced corn yield is triggering discussions regarding the use of corn for making ethanol used as a fuel additive, as demanded by the Renewable Fuel Standard. About 40 percent of the country's corn crop is used to make biofuel.

For more, including some arguments in the debate regarding using corn for ethanol production, read the New York Times story.

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Greenland loses 46 square mile glacier

2012-Jul-17By: Barry Shatzman

An iceberg twice the size of Manhattan has broken off from Greenland's Petermann Glacier. This is the second time in two years that a large glacier has calved in Greenland. In 2010, a 46-square mile glacier broke off.

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Drought affecting more than half of U.S.

2012-Jul-12By: Barry Shatzman

More than half of the continental United States is suffering from the widest drought in more than a decade. For more, read the Los Angeles Times story.

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Resource: Drought Monitor


This site will show you current drought conditions throughout the United States

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