GLOSSARY OF TERMS
Choose one of the categories below to narrow your choiceOrganizations: Non-Government
American Association of University Women (AAUW)
American Bar Association (ABA)
American Chemistry Council (ACC)
Lobbying organization representing chemical manufacturing companies such as Dow Chemical, DuPont, Monsanto, ExxonMobil Chemical, Chevron Phillips Chemical, and Bayer.
Website: www.AmericanChemistry.com.Referenced by...
American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU)
The U.S. Constitution guarantees certain civil liberties to all Americans. These include...
The ACLU is a nonprofit organization that works to protect these individual rights. They work both by lobbying Congress and by challenging violations of civil liberties in the court system. The organization has been the center of controversy at times by defending those rights for groups whose views are generally considered to be objectionable, though not unlawful.
For more about about the ACLU, visit their website at www.ACLU.org.
American Enterprise Institute (AEI)
A conservative think tank.
American Federation for Children
A dark-money group that supports school voucher programs and charter schools nationwide.
AFC is a member of the American Legislative Exchange Council (ALEC), and has worked with the group to draft model legislation.
American Legislative Exchange Council (ALEC)
The American Legislative Exchange Council (ALEC) drafts model legislation that state legislators can quickly turn into legislation.
ALEC is funded by large corporations, and the laws it recommends typically support those corporations, often at the expense of the overwhelming majority of Americans.
For learn about where ALEC comes from and what it does, read Who is ALEC? - our discussion.
To read about ALEC's close affiliations with the Trump administration, click here.
To follow ALEC's recent activities, visit AlecExposed.org.
Click here to read a comparison between ALEC and the National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL)
American Medical Association (AMA)
Website: www.ama-assn.org.Referenced by...
American Psychiatry Association (APA)
Professional organization of psychiatrists in the United States.
Animal Legal Defense Fund (ALDF)
Nonprofit organization that works to protect animals through the legal system.
Website: www.ALDF.org.Referenced by...
Associated Press (AP)
A nonprofit news cooperative whose syndicated reports appear in newspapers and news websites. Most local newspapers that report national and world news merely run stories from the AP, rather than providing coverage by their own reporting staff.
Association of American Physicians and Surgeons
An organization of physicians. The group claims to be non-partisan, yet much of its writing advocates for policies generally associated with those who label themselves conservative.
According to a 2009 Mother Jones magazine report...
In an article published in the Journal of American Physicians and Surgeons (Fall 2015), former AAPS President Richard Amerling suggests, "The abortion industry and Planned Parenthood originated in the population control and eugenics movements," and supports a view that a major reason for abortion is a desire to protect insects, fish, and animals.
One article on the group's website states "The Planned Parenthood doctors make Dr. Joseph Menegle, Hitler's 'Doctor of Death' look like an angel of mercy by comparison."
Note: Lobby99 does not associate any value judgement with labels such as "liberal" or "conservative" - we merely use the term here to point out a leaning the group does not acknowledge. In fact, while Lobby99 considers itself to be nonpartisan and evidence-based, some would label the policies we advocate as being generally associated with those who label themselves liberal.
Bankrate.com is a website that reports on rates and consumer policies offered by about 5,000 banks in the United States.
You can visit their website at www.BankRate.com.
Black Lives Matter
Brennan Center for Justice
A nonpartisan public policy institute.
Website: www.brookings.edu/a>.Referenced by...
California Association of Private Postsecondary Schools (CAPPS)
Campaign Legal Center
Website: www.CampaignLegal.org.Referenced by...
Center for American Progress (CAP)
Center for Economic and Policy Research
The Center for Economic and Policy Research analyzes and reports on economic issues that affect people's lives. To learn more, visit their website at www.CEPR.net.
Center for Media and Democracy
A nonprofit liberal watchdog and advocacy organization based in Wisconsin.
Center for Responsive Politics (CRP)
Center on Budget and Policy Priorities (CBPP)
Citizens for Responsibility and Ethics in Washington (CREW)
Website: www.citizensforethics.org.Referenced by...
Civil Rights Project
An organization that researches civil rights and equal opportunity for racial and ethnic groups in the United States.
Independent organization of scientists and journalists that researches the causes and effects of Climate Change.
Committee for a Responsible Federal Budget (CRFB)
A nonpartisan, non-profit organization that analyzes the fiscal impact of government policies.
The Commonwealth Fund is a private foundation that works to improve access to health care - especially for those who are the most likely to be unable to obtain it. It does this by funding independent research and improved health care practices.
Competitive Enterprise Institute (CEI)
A libertarian think tank.
CEI advocates restricting government oversight in public policy areas such as finance, consumer protections, and the environment. It coordinated and funded the Supreme Court case King v. Burwell - an attempt to eliminate most government subsidies that help people pay for health care insurance under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ObamaCare).
Major CEI funders include Koch Family Foundations, as well as oil, pharmaceutical, and tobacco companies.
Website: CEI.org.Referenced by...
Constitutional Accountability Center (CAC)
Consumer Federation of America (CFA)
Consumer Federation of America is an association of non-profit consumer organizations that researches and reports on consumer issues. CFA also advocates for policies that would benefit consumers.
You can visit their website at ConsumerFed.org.
Commonly used name for Crossroads Grassroots Policy Strategies.
A conservative 501(c)(4) advocacy organization primarily founded by Karl Rove and Ed Gillespie.
It has been used to anonymously fund the Super PAC American Crossroads.
Donald Trump Foundation
Website: www.EcoHealthAlliance.org.Referenced by...
Economic Policy Institute (EPI)
The Economic Policy Institute is a non-partisan, non-profit think tank that studies public policies which affect low- and middle-income workers. They also propose public policies that would improve the economic conditions of American workers.
Election Integrity Fund
Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF)
The Electronic Frontier Foundation advocates on free speech and privacy concerns related to the Internet. You can learn more at www.EFF.org.
End Rape on Campus (EROC)
An organization that works to end sexual violence on school campuses.
Website: www.EnergyInnovation.org.Referenced by...
Environmental Working Group (EWG)
A nonprofit, non-partisan organization that researches and reports on issues related to the environment.
Family Research Council
Fannie Mae / Freddie Mac
Government Sponsored Enterprises that encourage home ownership by buying mortgages from banks.
Fannie Mae is short for the Federal National Mortgage Association (FNMA). Freddie Mac is short for Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation (FHLMC). The main difference between the two is that Fannie Mae typically buys mortgages from larger banks, while Freddie Mac buys mortgages mostly from smaller banks.
This is how it works...
When you take out a mortgage to buy a house, the bank has to pay that money to the house's seller. But a bank can only lend as much money as it has. To increase the amount of money available for loans, the bank sells the mortgage. Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac buy mortgages, most of which they bundle to resell as mortgage backed securities.
Federal Reserve (The Fed)
Food and Water Watch
A nonprofit organization that advocates for safe food and clean water.
Website: www.FoodAndWaterWatch.org.Referenced by...
Free File Alliance
Website: FreeFileAlliance.org.Referenced by...
A nonprofit organization that raises money for conservative candidates.
Website: FuseWashington.orgReferenced by...
A company that performs opposition research for political candidates.
FWA Consultants books retired military officers to speak at events.
An organization that provides education and other programs to girls to help them overcome gender, economic, and social barriers.
Organization that educates on and advocates for equal treatment for all students in kindergarten through 12th grade - especially LGBT students.
GRACE Communications Foundation
The GRACE Communications Foundation is an organization that works to increase public awareness of issues related to food, water, and energy systems.
You can visit their website at www.GRACElinks.org.
A nonprofit organization which works to advance reproductive health.
It was founded in 1968 as the Center for Family Planning Program Development, a division of Planned Parenthood. It became an independent nonprofit in 1977 and was renamed the Guttmacher Institute after the death of former Planned Parenthood president Alan Guttmacher.
A think tank with the stated mission of "formulating and promoting conservative public policies based on the principles of free enterprise, limited government, individual freedom, traditional American values, and a strong national defense."
Housing & Economic Rights Advocates (HERA)
A not-for-profit consumer advocacy organization in California.
Website: www.heraca.org.Referenced by...
Independent Petroleum Association of America
Oil industry trade group. Its mission statement reads "The Independent Petroleum Association of America is dedicated to ensuring a strong, viable American oil and natural gas industry, recognizing that an adequate and secure supply of energy is essential to the national economy."
IPAA produced the film TruthLand. It was in response to the film GasLand, which showed dangers of unregulated fracking.
It was founded in 1929 by President Herbert Hoover.
Website: www.ipaa.org.Referenced by...
A nonprofit organization that works to exonerate wrongfully convicted people through DNA testing.
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)
International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
A independent organization of several nations' governments created to help nations maintain nuclear safety - whether it is used for energy or weapons.
The IAEA is headquartered in Vienna, Austria.
Website: www.iaea.org.Referenced by...
International Court of Justice
International Franchise Association (IFA)
A trade association that advocates favorable laws and policies for large franchises.
The organization has...
The IFA also is a member of the American Legislative Exchange Council (ALEC).
International Republican Institute (IRI)
Organization that seeks to influence political outcomes in lesser developed countries.
It is loosely affiliated with the Republican Party
Justice in Aging
A nonprofit organization that fights poverty of senior citizens through legal advocacy.
Kaiser Family Foundation
A non-partisan nonprofit organization that researches issues focusing on U.S. health care policy. It is not associated with health care provider Kaiser Permanente.
Know Your IX
An organization that works with students and sexual-abuse survivors to eliminate sexual and dating violence in schools.
Its name comes from Title IX - the 1972 law guaranteeing equal protections in public education from all genders.
League of Conservation Voters
A 501(c)(4) nonprofit organization that advocates for sound environmental laws and policies.
Among the ways it does this are working with the federal and local governments and supporting candidates who will support policies that protect the environment.
Manhattan Institute for Policy Research
Website: www.manhattan-institute.org.Referenced by...
Michigan Grassroots Alliance
Michigan-based organization that supports right-wing causes.
The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) is a nonprofit organization whose stated mission is "to ensure the political, educational, social, and economic equality of rights of all persons and to eliminate race-based discrimination."
National Academy of Sciences (NAS)
A nonprofit organization made up of scientists that provides independent and objective advice to policymakers on science and technology issues.
It was established in 1863 under the administration of Abraham Lincoln.
Its findings are published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS).
National Alliance to End Homelessness
A nonpartisan, nonprofit organization that works to end homelessness in the United States.
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)
Website: www.NAACP.orgReferenced by...
National Association of Realtors (NAR)
Website: www.nar.realtor.Referenced by...
National Center for Transgender Equality
Organization that works to end discrimination and violence against transgender people.
National Coalition for Men (NCFM)
Organization stating it is "dedicated to the removal of harmful gender based stereotypes, especially as they impact boys, men, their families and those who love them."
According to its website, the organization addresses issues such as pay inequality between genders, domestic violence against males, and false accusations of rape.
National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL)
A non-partisan organization that provides information to state legislators to help them evaluate policy options.
All state legislators and their staff members are members.
National Constitution Center
A nonprofit organization established by Congress to "disseminate information about the United States Constitution on a non-partisan basis in order to increase the awareness and understanding of the Constitution among the American people.".
The Constitution Center Museum is located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania near Independence Hall.
National Economic Council
National Parks Conservation Association (NPCA)
National Postal Policy Council (NPPC)
Trade organization for large business users of letter mail.
Website: www.postalcouncil.org.Referenced by...
National Prayer Breakfast
Annual event put on by an organization known as The Fellowship or The Family.
It started in 1953 under the administration of President Dwight Eisenhower.
Though based on the Christian religion, the breakfast itself is inclusive of other religions. It has, however, been used to advance political causes.
In 1995, during the Bill Clinton administration, Mother Theresa used the breakfast to preach against abortion.
In 2017, President Trump promised at the breakfast to eliminate the law that prohibits tax-exempt religions (and other charities) from participating in elections.
Most of the significant actions, however take place side events around the breakfast - where lobbyists and leaders of various interests meet with associates of the president.
For more, read the Smithsonian article.Referenced by...
National Public Radio (NPR)
National Registry of Exonerations
A project of the University of Michigan Law School that provides details of every known exoneration (a case in which a person was wrongly convicted of a crime and later cleared of all the charges based on new evidence) in the United States since 1989.
National Rifle Association (NRA)
Website: home.NRA.orgReferenced by...
National Snow & Ice Data Center (NSIDC)
Organization the researches "our world's frozen realms" and provides data on its findings.
Website: NSIDC.org.Referenced by...
National Woman Suffrage Association (NWSA)
Organization founded in 1869 to advocate for women having the right to vote.
For more, read the Encyclopaedia Britannica article.
National Women's Law Center (NWLC)
Organization that advocates for women's rights
Natonal Law Enforcement Officers Memorial Fund (NLEOMF)
Website: www.NLEOMF.org.Referenced by...
Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC)
A news organization that reports on global issues such as the environment, education, health, and governance.
Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)
International organization that works to develop policies that can be effective across international borders.
Website: www.OECD.org.Referenced by...
Organized Crime and Corruption Reporting Project (OCCRP)
A research institute that that focuses onpublic policy issues related to society.
Website: www.PalmCenter.org.Referenced by...
Pew Charitable Trusts
Physicians for Social Responsibility (PSR)
Website: www.PSR.org.Referenced by...
A nonprofit organization that provides information and services relating to reproductive issues and children's health.
Website: www.citizen.org.Referenced by...
Restore Our Water International
An alliance of American and Canadian environmental groups that addresses water issues on the Great Lakes.
A consulting company that analyzes "disruptive global trends".
Safari Club International
Organization that advocates for the freedom to hunt.
Website: www.SafariClub.org.Referenced by...
Save America PAC
Leadership PAC started by President Donald Trump right after the 2020 election.
For more, read the MSN story.Referenced by...
Southern Poverty Law Center (SPLC)
A nonprofit organization that investigates and educates the public about people and organizations that advocate violence against others based on bigotry.
They sue organizations on the behalf of victims of hate crime. In several cases, the organizations found liable for the hate crimes were required to turn over all of their assets (including property) to the victim.
The SPLC also runs Teaching Tolerance - a program that provides free materials to teachers who want to educate their students on ways to reduce prejudice and improve relations between various ethnic groups.
State Innovation Exchange (SIX)
Stop Abusive and Violent Environments (SAVE)
Organization whose website states its mission as "Working for policy reform to protect all victims and stop false allegations."
SAVE states as its position that a definition of rape that includes alcohol- or drug-facilitated rape, as well as attempted rape, is "overly broad".
Nonprofit organization that supports survivors of sexual violence through legal assistance, policy advocacy, and education.
Tax Policy Center
Texas A&M Transportation Institute (TTI)
The Texas A&M Transportation Institute studies problems associated with all aspects of transportation.
You can learn more about them at tti.tamu.edu.
The Wireless Association (CTIA)
An organization that lobbies for the wireless industry. You can visit their website at www.CTIA.org.
A news website that provides reporting and analysis from a self-described "progressive perspective". It is a project of the Center for American Progress (CAP)
U.N. General Assembly
U.N. Human Rights Commission (OHCHR)
Also called the U.N. Commission on Human Rights.
Organization within the United Nations (U.N.) that provides technical assistance in developing human rights standards for the U.N.
Website: www.ohchr.org.Referenced by...
U.N. Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA)
Organization founded to assist Palestinian refugees, which it defines as persons whose normal place of residence was Palestine during the period 1 June 1946 to 15 May 1948, and who lost both home and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 (Arab-Israeli) conflict.
It was established by the United Nations (UN) in 1949 and receives most of its funding from United Nations member states.
Website: www.unrwa.org.Referenced by...
U.N. Security Council
The UN Security Council is one of the six main organs of the United Nations.
Its primary function is to maintain international peace and stability.
The Security Council is comprised of 15 members - 5 permanent and 10 elected to 2-year terms. The permanent members are...
Security Council resolutions are binding, and can be enforced by sanctions or a peacekeeping force. Passing a resolution requires a YES vote from at least 9 members. However, a NO vote by any of the permanent members is considered a veto and will cause the resolution to fail.
U.S. Chamber of Commerce
Union of Concerned Scientists (UCS)
United Nations (UN)
An organization of approximately 200 of the Earth's nations. It was created in 1945 - after the Second World War - to promote international cooperation.
The UN consists of 6 main organs...
The leader (Secretary-General) of the U.N. is Ban Ki-moon of Korea, who has served since 2007.
Previous Secretary-Generals have been:
A non-partisan think tank that studies, reports on, and advocates for social programs and policies.
The Urban Institute was created in 1968 under President Lyndon Johnson.
For more, visit their website at www.Urban.org.
Veterans of Foreign Wars
White House Correspondents' Association (WHCA)
Nonprofit organization that coordinates media access to the president.
Website: www.WHCA.press.Referenced by...
Nonprofit organization that publishes information from anonymous sources on its website.
The information typically is classified or sensitive.
Website: www.WikiLeaks.org.Referenced by...
World Health Organization (WHO)
World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)