GLOSSARY OF TERMS
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Former lobbyist who, in 2006, pleased guilty to defrauding Native American tribes.
Abramoff collected fees from the tribes to lobby on behalf of their casinos. The tribes received virtually no benefit from the fees. In fact, Abramoff worked to sabotage a casino in order to collect more fees.
He was sentenced to more than 5 years in prison.
Secretary of Labor under President Donald Trump
Acosta was dean of the Florida International University law school. A graduate of Harvard Law School, he clerked for Supreme Court Justice Samuel Alito when he was a judge on the 3rd U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals. He served on the National Labor Relations Board under President George W. Bush, as the head of the Justice Department's Civil Rights Division, and as U.S. attorney in Miami.
The son of Cuban immigrants, Acosta serves on the American Bar Association's Commission on Hispanic Legal Rights and Responsibilities. He has defended the rights of Muslim Americans, including criticizing France when it introduced a ban on certain religious attire.
While at the Justice Department, Acosta wrote a letter to a federal judge in Ohio supporting a Republican voter caging effort just before the 2004 presidential election. Bush won Ohio.
When running the Justice Department's civil rights division, he was found by the department's inspector general to have ignored warnings about a subordinate accused of illegally using political affiliations to vet potential civil rights attorneys.
As U.S. attorney for Southern Florida, Acosta gave a plea deal to billionaire investor and political donor Jeffrey Epstein, who was accused of having sex with dozens of underage girls. Under the plea, Epstein served about a year in prison. Epstein was a member of Mar-A-Lago - Trump's Florida home and golf club.
For more, read the Guardian story.
For more on Acosta's support of voter caging, read the McClatchy DC Bureau story.
For more on Acosta's issue with politically-motivated hiring at the Justice Department, read the Guardian report.
Second president of the United States.
Founder of WikiLeaks.Referenced by...
Azar, Alex M.
Secretary of Health and Human Services (HHS) under President Donald Trump. He replaced Tom Price, who resigned in September 2017.
Prior to become the HHS secretary, Azar worked in the George W. Bush administration. He also is a former executive with pharmaceutical company Eli Lilly.
Deputy Assistant Administrator of the Office of Chemical Safety and Pollution Prevention (OCSPP) in the Trump administration.
She is a former director of the American Chemistry Council (ACC).
She also reviewed EPA regulations in the George W. Bush administration.
In 2019, Bernhardt became acting Secretary of the Interior after the resignation of Ryan Zinke.
Bernhardt served in President George W. Bush's interior department from 2001 to 2008.
Both before and after his time in the Bush administration, he worked for lobbying firm Brownstein Hyatt Farber Schreck LLP. His client list included oil industry trade group the Independent Petroleum Association of America; the world's largest oilfield services provider, Halliburton; and affiliates of major oil producer Noble Energy Inc.
For more about Bernhardt, read the Bloomberg story.Referenced by...
Lobbyist who helped write then-candidate Donald Trump's first major foreign policy speech while at the same time working to promote a pipeline for the Russian government.Referenced by...
A Republican political strategist, he worked in public communication for presidential campaigns of George H.W. Bush and Donald Trump.
Caputo lived in Russia from 1994 - 2000. Among other things, he worked for Russian media company Gazprom-Media to enhance the image of Russian President Vladimir in the United States.
Chao, ElaineReferenced by...
Cheney, Richard (Dick)
Michael Chertoff was the Secretary of Homeland Security 2005 - 2009.
In 2009 he founded the Chertoff Group lobbying company. One of the company's clients was OSI Systems - the parent company of Rapiscan Systems which makes one of the two types of body scanners used at U.S. airports. In 2011 all 250 Rapiscan scanners - which had cost $180,000 each - were removed from airports due to their inability to blur images that depicted passengers' bodies.
Pornographic film actress who works under the name Stormy Daniels (also Stormy Waters).Referenced by...
Coats, DanielReferenced by...
President Donald Trump's personal lawyer. He also is executive vice president for the Trump Organization.Referenced by...
Comey, JamesReferenced by...
Conway was Donald Trump's campaign manager at the end of the 2016 campaign in which he was elected president.
She currently serves in Trump administration as "Counselor to the President".
Secretary of Education under President Donald Trump.
She had no prior professional education experience. She is a former chair of the Michigan Republican Party.
She chaired the American Federation for Children, a dark money group that supports school voucher programs and charter schools nationwide, funneling donations from undisclosed sources to candidates who support school privatization, mostly at the state level.
DeVos' father, Edgar Prince, co-founded the Family Research Council and the Edgar and Elsa Prince Foundation, major financial backers of the religious right. Her husband, Richard DeVos Jr., is heir to the Amway multi-level marketing company fortune. The couple founded the Windquest Group investment firm.
DeVos and her relatives - including her brother Erik Prince, co-founder of the Blackwater private security company - have been major donors to the Republican Party for decades.
A financier who pleaded guilty in 2008 to sexual offenses in an unusually lenient plea bargain. The deal was approved by Alexander Acosta - then the U.S. attorney for the Southern District of Florida.
The charges included sex with underage girls.
Epstein has had close friendships with Donald Trump, Bill Clinton, the United Kingdom's Prince Andrew, and actor Kevin Spacey.
Esper, Mark T
Secretary of the Army from 2017-2019.
In June 2019 he became the acting Secretary of Defense after Patrick Shanahan resigned.
Prior to his military administration positions, he was employed by defense contractor Raytheon as vice president for Government Relations.
He also has worked for the Heritage Foundation.
President Donald Trump's first National Security Adviser.
Resigned less than a month into the administration after revelations that he discussed foreign policy with Russia before Trump had taken office.
Click here to read more on Flynn's connections to Russia.Referenced by...
Member of Donald Trump's 2016 presidential campaign.
During the campaign, he is believed to have had repeated contacts with Russian intelligence officers.
Elbridge Gerry was one of the signers of the Declaration of Independence. He also was a member of the Constitutional Convention that created the U.S. Constitution, but was one of three who refused to sign it.
My principal objections to the plan are, that there is no adequate provision for a representation of the people; that they have no security for the right of election; that some of the powers of the legislature are ambiguous, and others indefinite and dangerous; that the executive is blended with, and will have an undue influence over, the legislature; that the judicial department will be oppressive; that treaties of the highest importance may be formed by the President, with the advice of two thirds of a quorum of the Senate; and that the system is without the security of a bill of rights.
Nevertheless, he was elected to the first two Congresses.
He then was elected governor of Massachusetts, where he manipulated the state's redistricting to benefit his Democratic-Republican Party. The practice would take on his name - and now is called gerrymandering.
Gerry later became President James Madison's second vice president.
Giuliani, Rudolph (Rudy)
President Donald Trump's personal attorney since April 2018.
Giuliani was the mayor of New York City from 1994-2001
For a history of Giuliani's relationship with Trump, read the Politico story.Referenced by...
Gordon, SueReferenced by...
Haley, NikkiReferenced by...
The first U.S. Secretary of the Treasury, appointed by Pres. George Washington.
He also was one of the authors of the Federalist Papers.
Huckabee Sanders, Sarah
Press secretary for the Trump administration July 2017 - July 2019. Prior to that, she was deputy press secretary.
She is the daughter of former Arkansas Governor Mike Huckabee.
Governor of Arkansas July 1996 - January 2007.
He was a candidate in the 2008 and 2016 Republican presidential primaries.
Son of Supreme Court Justice Anthony Kennedy.
Kennedy worked for more than 10 years at Deutsche Bank. At one point he was head of the the bank's real estate capital markets organization at the time Donald Trump was borrowing more than $1 billion from the bank.
He later became co-CEO of LNR property, which in 2011 invested in a failing property owned by Trump's son-in-law Jared Kushner'.
Kansas Secretary of State 2011-present.
In 2017, Kobach was named by President Donald Trump to be vice chair of his Election Integrity Commission.
Kobach was one of the prime architects of Arizona SB-1070 - the 2010 Arizona law requiring police to determine the immigration status of someone arrested or detained when there is "reasonable suspicion" they are not in the U.S. legally.
Charles Koch and David Koch are the owners of Koch Industries.
The Kansas-based company makes much of its money in energy production, but subsidiaries also manufacture products with mainstream name brands, including Quilted Northern, Dixie, Brawny, Zee, Sparkle, and Stainmaster.
In 1980, David Kock was the Libertarian Party's vice-presidential candidate. The party's platform included abolishing...
The platform called for privatizing all public schools, roads, railroads, inland waterways, and "the distribution system that brings water to industry, agriculture and households."
It also called for eliminating these agencies...
The Koch brothers have continued that mission of achieving those goals by contributing and raising billions of dollars for conservative organizations and to help the campaigns of Republican candidates for law-making offices. They were expected to spend almost $1 billion in the 2016 presidential election.
They also are strong supporters American Legislative Exchange Council (ALEC). A Koch Industries rep has served on ALEC's Private Enterprise Advisory Council for more than 20 years, and the company is believed be on of ALEC's biggest funders (although the group is not required to disclose its donors).
Ivanka Trump's husband.
After becoming president, Donald Trump appointed Kushner to be a senior adviser to the Trump administration.
James Madison was the forth U.S. president.
Acting Director of National Intelligence (DNI) since Aug 2019.
He replaced Dan Coats, who resigned.
Maguire assumed the position after President Donald Trump twice bypassed Principal Deputy Director Sue Gordon - despite the law requiring Gordon to become the acting director.
Maguire is a former Navy vice admiral. After retiring from the Navy, he became an executive for defense contractor Booz Allen Hamilton.
He most recently was head of the National Counterterrorism Center (NCTC).
Campaign manager for Donald Trump from from March 2016 until August 2016. He left the campaign due to his connections with Russia.Referenced by...
Manning, Chelsea (Bradley)
In 2010, then Army intelligence analyst Bradley Manning gave stolen classified information he stole to WikiLeaks, including this video showing U.S. helicopters killing civilians in Iraq.
Manning was sentenced to 35 years in prison for espionage and theft.
In 2014, Manning, who served in the military as a male but is transgender, legally became Chelsea Manning.
In January 2018, President Barack Obama commuted Manning's sentence. She was released from prison in May 2018.
For more, read a biography of Manning at Biography.com.Referenced by...
Mattis was Secretary of Defense under President Donald Trump from 2017-2019.
Before that, he was Marine Corps general.
Secretary of the Treasury under President Donald Trump.
He had no prior government experience.
Before becoming treasury secretary, Mnuchin ran Dune Capital, a privately owned hedge fund. Prior to that he worked for 17 years at Goldman Sachs investment bank, where he was a partner.
In 2009, Mnuchin led the group that bought failed subprime lender IndyMac, renaming the bank OneWest. Over the next six years, Mnuchin and his fellow investors doubled their money. During that time the bank foreclosed on more than 35,000 mortgages - forcing families from their homes. Federal regulators charged the bank with filing false documents during foreclosures.
Mnuchin also was the executive producer of movies American Sniper and Mad Max: Fury Road.
During his Senate confirmation process, Mnuchin failed to disclose $100 million in assets on disclosure documents required by the Office of Government Ethics (OGE). He also did not mention his role as a director of an investment fund located in a tax haven.
Assistant Secretary of State for International Organization Affairs in the Trump administration.
He previously had been Ambassador to the U.S. Mission to the United Nations in Geneva in the George W. Bush administration.
In 2003, he wrote an opinion article about Guantánamo Bay, claiming that prisoners there are treated well and denying the use of torture to coerce prisoners to confess.
He also was a senior adviser to former Vice President Richard (Dick) Cheney during the 2000 presidential campaign.
Mueller III, Robert
Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) director from 2001 to 2013.
In May 2017, after President Donald Trump fired FBI Director James Comey, Deputy Attorney General Rod Rosenstein appointed Mueller to be special counsel overseeing the investigation into Russian influence in the 2016 presidential election.
Mulvaney, MickReferenced by...
Former member of Donald Trump's presidential campaign.Referenced by...
Foreign policy adviser to Donald Trump's 2016 presidential campaign.
In October 2017 he pleaded guilty to lying to the FBI about meetings he had with Russian contacts. He had said those meetings took place before his involvement with the Trump campaign.
He agreed to cooperate with the investigation into Trump's Russian connections.
Patten, SamReferenced by...
Secretary of Agriculture under President Donald Trump since April 2017.
He served as governor of Georgia from 2003 to 2011. Prior to that, he served in the Georgia state Senate from 1990 to 2001.
He received more than $278,000 in farm subsidies from 1995 to 2004, according to the Environmental Working Group.
As Georgia's governor, Perdue signed into law measures based on American Legislative Exchange Council (ALEC) model legislation, including the nation's second voter ID law and a school-choice program described by ALEC co-founder Paul Weyrich as "the most expansive in the nation."
He was worth more than $6 million and owned agriculture businesses worth nearly $2.8 million, according to a financial disclosure statement from his 2006 campaign.
In the late 1990s, Pizzella worked as a lobbyist on behalf of a shell company connected to the Russian government.
He also has worked with Jack Abramoff, the former lobbyist convicted of fraud in 2006. His work involved hampering worker protections in the Northern Mariana Islands.
Click here to view the lobbying registration document for the Bahamas-based shell company listing Pizzella as "Director of Coalitions".Referenced by...
Former representative from Kansas.
He resigned in 2017 to become director of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) under President Donald Trump.
In 2018 he became Secretary of State when Trump fired Rex Tillerson.
Price, TomReferenced by...
Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) under President Donald Trump.
Prior to being named EPA director he was Oklahoma's attorney general. During his tenure as attorney general, he filed lawsuits against the EPA in attempts to force the agency to stop enforcing clean air requirements. Since 2002 he has received more than $250,000 in donations from the oil and gas industry.
Pruitt, is a former member of the American Legislative Exchange Council (ALEC).
Roosevelt, Franklin D.
President Donald Trump's former personal bodyguard.Referenced by...
Sessions, JeffReferenced by...
Shanahan was the deputy Secretary of Defense since 2017. He became acting defense secretary on Jan. 1, 2019 when Jim Mattis was fired by President Donald Trump.
He is an engineer and a former executive at Boeing.
For more about Shanahan, read The Atlantic article.
Stone, RogerReferenced by...
Senior Advisor to the Bureau of International Organization Affairs (IO) in the Trump administration. She left in 2019 under the shadow of an investigation by the State Department's Inspector General.
Stull previously had been a lobbyist for the food industry.
She also writes a bog about wine, and is known as the Vino Vixen.
Secretary of State under President Donald Trump from February 2017 to March 2018.
For more, read the New York Times story.
At the time of his nomination, Tillerson had no government or diplomatic experience. He spent his entire career at ExxonMobil - starting as an engineer in 1975 until being named Chief Executive Officer (CEO) in 2006.
He does, however, have strong business ties to leaders around the world, most notably Russian President Vladimir Putin. The two first met in 1999, while Tillerson was responsible for Exxon's holdings in Russia.
In 2011 the company signed an agreement to explore and drill in the arctic and Siberia with oil company Rosneft, which is majority owned by the Russian government. The deal - which could generate up to $500 billion for Exxon - was put on hold because of U.S. and European Union sanctions against Russia for its invasion of the Ukraine.
The State Department helps decide on and administer sanctions.
ExxonMobil has given nearly $2 million to the American Legislative Exchange Council (ALEC) since 1998.
For more, read the New York Times story.
Trainor, James E. (Trey)
Trump, Donald Jr.
Donald Trump's eldest son.Referenced by...
Donald Trump's son.Referenced by...
Donald Trump's daughter.Referenced by...
Supreme Court justice from 1953 to 1969. Warren was Chief Justice.
Chief Financial Officer of the Trump Organization.
Other roles he has played for the Trump family include...
Acting administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).
He previously was the EPA's deputy director. He became the acting director when previous director Scott Pruitt resigned.
Prior to that, Wheeler was a lobbyist, mainly for the fossil-fuel industry. His top client, coal company Murray Energy, paid him to lobby against the Obama administration's regulations.
Wheeler is a former aide to Sen. James Inhofe, an outspoken climate-change denier.
For more about Wheeler, read this article by the Natural Resources Defense Council.
Whitaker was chief of staff to former Attorney General Jeff Sessions.
When Sessions was fired by President Donald Trump, Trump named Whitaker to be the acting attorney general.
Alter Wiener is a Holocaust survivor living in the Portland, Oregon area. He spent three years of his teens imprisoned in five Nazi Germany concentration camps. Virtually his entire family was murdered.
His autobiography, From a Name to a Number, was published in 2007.
He has no financial interest in the book, and it is available from major booksellers as well as in public libraries.
Watch this video to hear Alter discuss his life story...
Representative from Montana from 2015 - 2017. He previously had served in the Montana state Senate.
In 2017 he became Secretary of the Interior under President Donald Trump.
His previous record runs counter to the goals of the department he was named to run.
As a candidate for Montana Lt. Governor in 2012, Zinke is said to have signed the Montana Voter and Candidate Pledge. The pledge, among other things, demands opposition to Department of Interior agencies. Zinke has not acknowledged or denied signing the pledge. He has claimed that he doesn't remember signing it.
The oil and gas industry has contributed more than $345,000 to Zinke, who supports opening up public lands to oil and gas drilling.
The League of Conservation Voters has given Zinke a lifetime score of 3 percent. Zinke has supported...
His actions on climate change contradict his 2010 position in which he cosigned a letter to President Obama and Congress calling for "comprehensive clean energy jobs and climate change legislation." The letter also stated...
"Our nation's most respected military leaders recognize that climate change is a threat multiplier for instability in the most volatile regions of the world. The climate change threat presents significant national security challenges for the United States - challenges that should be addressed today, because they will almost certainly get worse if we delay."
He now claims to be skeptical of Global Warming. In a 2014 Congressional debate, he said "It's not a hoax, but it's not proven science either."
Zinke is a retired Navy SEAL.
For more, read the Los Angeles Times story.Referenced by...