United States v. Lovett
Full name: United States v. Lovett
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What the case was about
The court ruled that Congress could not deny pay to individual government employees.
What inpired the case
In 1943, the House Committee on American Activities determined that three government employees, including Robert Lovett, were guilty of subversive activities. Congress then passed an appropriations bill which contained a provision denying pay to the employees.
Ruling - Congress can't control salaries
The court ruled the act was directed at individuals who were being punished "because the legislature thinks them guilty of conduct which deserves punishment", and they would not have had the opportunity for a jury trial.
That made the denial of pay a bill of attainder, which the constitution prohibits.